The United Republic of Tanzania is located in East Africa and borders the Indian Ocean between Kenya and Mozambique. The climate in Tanzania is dominated by the tropics. The coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beach, the sea breeze cools the air. The average day’s temperature is 30 °C. There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania – the long rainy season from late March to June and the short rainy season from November to January. Long periods of heavy rain and heavy downpours are often accompanied by storms, but short rains are often less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March before the long rain starts. The coolest months are June, July and August, and the weather is often overcast. At high altitudes such as Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Heights, temperatures may fall below freezing.
There are more than 120 ethnic groups in Tanzania. Mainland – Africa 99% (95% of which is a Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes) and 1% (including Asia, Europe and Arabia). Zanzibar – a mixture of Arabia, Africa, Arabia and Africa. The landscape of Tanzania consists of a coastal plain, the Central Plateau; the northern highlands. Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 meters) is the highest point in the country and Africa. Tanzania borders the three largest lakes on the African continent: Lake Victoria in the north (the second largest freshwater lake in the world), Lake Tanganyika in the west (the second deepest lake in the world) and Lake Nyasa in the southwest.
The amusement parks in Tanzania have been designated by the government as wildlife and plant protection areas with a high degree of protection and management. In Tanzania, 25% of parks are listed as national parks, and protected areas are an important part of protecting the land. Tanzania has more than 20 wildlife sanctuaries, including the world’s largest wildlife sanctuary. Sluis has announced five wildlife sanctuaries, with about fifteen game control areas with a total area of over 120,000 square kilometres. Forest reserves account for 15% of the country.
The East African Plains supports the last remaining wild animals in the world, with more species and species than other continents: Tanzania has more than 80 major species, including the “Big Five” (elephants, lions, buffalos, rhinos and leopards) and 600 species of butterflies. From glacial mountains to savanna plains, semi-deserts to tropical rainforests, Tanzania’s plant diversity has enabled more than 1,000 species of birds to survive.Tanzania is a safe country. Tanzanians are passionate and generous people who are eager to help tourists get the most out of their happiness. Tanzania is a politically stable and multi-democracy country. As with all countries, in addition to basic knowledge, visitors should take reasonable precautions, such as locking valuables in a hotel safe and not walking alone at night.
Quick Fact About Tanzania
▪ Tanzania is the home of the number one freestanding mount in the world (Mount Kilimanjaro).
▪ Tanzania contains many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks including the famous Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park, Selous Game Reserve and Mikumi National Park.
▪ Tanzania has a tropical climate. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10C and 20C during cold and hot seasons respectively.
▪ The March-May rains are referred to as the long rains or Masika, whereas the October - December rains are generally known as short rains or Vuli.
▪ Tanzania has more than 126 ethnic groups and each ethnic group has its own language. No language is official, but Swahili is the de facto national language.